Wheel Base

The Wheel Base is the distance between the front axle and the rear axle of a lift truck. The length of the wheel base effects the capacity and the specific usage of the lift truck.  

  • long wheel base

- lower counterweights for the truck required 

  • lighter overall weight of the truck
  • Advantage: lower pressure on axles 
  • Disadvantage:  Larger turning radius, reduced storage capacity 
  • short wheel base
  • Advantage: smaller turning radius - smaller aisles needed 
  • Disadvantage: Larger axle loads, transmission of uneven floors 

Trucks with larger wheel base are better suited for outdoor operations, trucks with shorter wheel base are better suited for indoor operations.